The Criminal Division of the United States Department Of Justice has just published a 125-page "Resource Guide" to give both non-lawyers and lawyers at least some clarification in the real world workings of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act ("FCPA"). Link to the FCPA Resource Guide here: FCPA Guidebook 2012.pdf. The Resource Guide is written in a conversational, non-legalistic style that business persons will likely find helpful. Business persons who conduct business in foreign countries have complained for many years that the practical workings of the FCPA were ambiguous, at best. Employees of American corporations abroad were unsure whether whether relatively minor conduct might be enough to amount to a violation of the law subjecting their employer and themselves to horrific penalties. There were many rumors of "zero tolerance" for even the most abstract payments and no place to quickly consult for an authoritative answer. The Resource Guide, while not perfect, at least partially fills that gap.
The most valuable part of the Resource Guide is the section that lists numerous travel, gift and entertainment hypotheticals that sound very much like real life situations that a corporation engaging in foreign commerce might run into. The first hypothetical for example finds no fault with an American company which provides business class airfare to foreign senior officials traveling a long distance to examine the company's facilities and products especially since the company's own employees would be entitled to such an upgraded ticket if they were on a journey of similar length. The hypothetical continues to find no fault with taking the foreign officials to a reasonably priced dinner, a baseball game and a play. The line is crossed in the hypothetical, however if the foreign officials are given first class tickets, told to bring their spouses and given a week long, all expenses paid trip to Las Vegas after the review of the more mundanely located factory.
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